For people, posture is the main form of non-verbal communication: we speak about the “body language”, a spontaneous and automatic language that is rarely under control by our will.
Posture is, therefore, not a sum of reflexes, but a complex interaction where a set of structures, different from each other, interact to achieve a result.
Posture depends in part on fixed and non-modifiable hereditary factors (both physical and behavioral) and partly by modifiable factors, such as the increasing frequency of exposure to unfavorable conditions, breathing patterns, eating habits, ergonomics, sedentary or exasperated agonism, psychological attitudes and stress, inner and family health and a thousand others. As a result, postural disorder translates, first of all, to a condition of general and local stress and fatigue, and secondly, in wear and degenerative phenomena destined to set up openly pathological situations. Man is ready for everything but suffering; they deform, decrease their mobility, what is necessary because these less-cost, less economical adaptations make them find comfort (well-being).
Often people do not have real postural problems but postural attitudes in everyday life that force people to twist or sacrifice the column abnormally. It is therefore advisable at least a proper postural hygiene that mainly concerns the management of weights and positions. It is important to lift the loads as close as possible to the navel so as not to offer a long lever to the weight and lift them up with one leg forward and one back so that the unstable weights will leap to the legs and not directly to the back.
A particularly considerable situation is getting out of bed, especially after our tissues have been locked up all night. Not to load the column of abnormal tensions it is correct to turn to our side when we are still standing and then rise from this position. It is obviously recommended to do physical activity during the week, especially to vascularize all our muscle mass and then stretch them, lastly to avoid the accumulation of emotional stress that often overload our days.
While sitting we naturally tend to lose the natural position of our back, that should be buckled forward. This happens because the pelvis changes its position, as the legs flex, and the column is naturally pushed back. The problem could be solved by sitting on the tip of the chair with the knees acting as a counterweight to leave the pelvis and the column aligned. However, every 40 minutes is healthy to stop the sitting position and take two steps to ease the muscles. If our activity allows the use of the bookrest, it is a further guarantee for the conservation of the physiological curves of the column.
dott. Claudio Mulè